Hi, How are you?

Hi, there. Meet and greet Rijal & Nisa. Let’s learn English together! 🙂

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Haj pilgrimage, youth’s pledge and the lost soul

By Khairil Azhar, Jakarta

In Mecca, much earlier than the Oct. 28, 1928, Sumpah Pemuda (Indonesian Youth Pledge), Malay had been functioning as the uniting language of Nusantara or the Indonesian archipelago. This had been made possible by several factors.

First, Martin van Bruinessen, in his study on the Indonesian haj in pre-independent Indonesia, noted that not many, among the haj pilgrims, were able to communicate in Arabic.

However, this was never a problem. Ulema from Nusantara were everywhere and they delivered their services in Malay.

The sheikhs of Tarekat (ascetic denominations of Islam), had their own “Javanese” representatives to serve Nusantara’s haj pilgrims if they wanted to deepen their tarekat knowledge.

Second, haj pilgrims had to stay for about five months in Mecca. People from Java, Moluccas, Celebes, Borneo, Sumatra or Malay Peninsula freely encountered one another, shared their experiences and thoughts — which included how to fight against the Dutch colonialism.

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Wooden Toys Grow Trees of Business

Wooden Toys Grow Trees of Business[1]

From Cimahi, West Java, Education Toys sells its wooden toys across the nation. In fact, they have also penetrated the ASEAN market. Ahmad Priyatna, the owner of Education Toys claimed that he often overwhelmed by the demand of his products.

Not only more durable, wooden toys are more environmental friendly, because unlike plastic and other synthetic materials that are not biodegradable and can leach chemicals into the environment, wooden toys are 100% biodegradable. The fact that wood is indeed a natural material, makes wooden toys are also safer for kids.

However, deforestation is one of our problems, especially because we live in Indonesia, a country that has high deforestation rate. So, using wood materials without adding more destruction to the environment is a must. That’s why many crafters prefer to recycle wood waste as their product material. Besides, it’s a lot cheaper than buying wood materials from lumber industries.

Apep, 26 years old, is another crafter who makes use of wood waste and makes it valuable. From his workshop at Kampong Haurmanggung, Bandung Regency, his products now have reached Sweden. Apep and Ahmad Priyatna just a few of many people around us that have courage and willpower to be independent, and benefit other people around them with their works.

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Are we robots? (Verb To Be in interrogative sentences)

3. Verb To Be in Interrogative Sentences (Question Statements)

Sebelumnya kita sudah membahas bagaimana menggunakan verb to be dalam kalimat negatif. Salah satu contoh yang saya berikan yaitu ‘we are not robots’. Masih ingatkan sususan kalimat negatif yang menggunakan verb to be? Ya, mudah sekali, tinggal menambahkan kata ‘not’ setelah verb to be. Sekarang, kita akan belajar menggunakan verb to be untuk membuat kalimat interogatif (pertanyaan). Untuk membuat kalimat pertanyaan dari contoh tadi, maka tinggal kita tukar posisi ‘to be’ (are) menggantikan posisi subjek (we), dan tidak usah menggunakan kata ‘not’ lagi, menjadi: ‘are we robots?’

Lebih jelasnya, susunan interrogative sentences adalah: To be + subject + adverb.

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Eid-ul-Adha – 26th October

Eid-ul-Adha (‘festival of Sacrifice’), also known as the Greater Eid, is the second most important festival in the Muslim calendar.

The festival remembers the prophet Ibrahim’s willingness to sacrifice his son when God ordered him to.

The story of Ibrahim’s sacrifice

Eid-ul-Adha celebrates the occasion when Allah appeared to Ibrahim in a dream and asked him to sacrifice his son Isma’il as an act of obedience to God.

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We are not robots (Verb To Be in negative sentences)

2. Verb To Be in Negative Sentences

Sebelumnya kita sudah pernah menggunakan verb to be dalam perkenalan kita. Sekedar sedikit review, salah satu contoh yang saya berikan kemarin adalah,

We are humans (kita adalah manusia)

Kalimat tadi merupakan pernyataan dalam bentuk positif. Pernyataan dengan maksud yang sama bisa juga disampaikan dalam bentuk negatif, misalnya kita mengatakan bahwa, “kita adalah manusia”, nah untuk maksud yang sama kita bisa juga mengungkapkanya dalam bentuk negatif, misalnya dengan mengatakan bahwa kita bukan robot, “We are not robots.”

Untuk lebih jelasnya, kalimat dalam bentuk positif pada contoh di atas tersusun dari subject + verb to be + noun, maka untuk kalimat dalam bentuk negatif kita tinggal menambahkan kata ‘not’ (dibaca: nat, yang berarti ‘tidak’ atau ‘bukan’) setelah verb to be, maka susunan kalimatnya menjadi subject + verb to be + not + noun, dalam contoh sebelumnya kita mengatakan, “We are not robots.”

Mudah kan? (Anda boleh bertanya lho kalau memang tidak mengerti 🙂 )

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How Are You? Beginning English with Verb “To Be”

1. Introduction

Apa kabar? Selamat datang di blog yang sederhana ini.

Di halaman ini kita akan sama-sama belajar bahasa Inggris. Sebelum kita lanjut, sebaiknya kita berkenalan dulu. Apa kabar? Nama saya Abdi. Saya seorang guru. Saya dari Bandung. Siapa nama anda?

Oh ya, kita coba berkenalan dalam bahasa Inggris. How are you? My name is Abdi. I am a teacher. I am from Bandung. What is your name?

Wah, kita sekarang sebetulnya sudah mulai belajar bahasa Inggris.

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